Security professionals should be conscious of the ins and outs of cyber-attacks when it comes to everyday existence and information security, to detect, prevent and repair them in advance. We address 30 The Most Popular Cyber Attack Forms that you Need to Understand in this post.
The opportunities for cybercrime are growing every day with severe technology development. Cybercriminals have acquired the ability to carry out a complex assault, take down companies and encrypt geodatabases.
An efficacious risk reduction technique can only be set up if we fully grasp the attacks, their types and workflows. We’ll look at the thirty most important cyber-attacks of all time in this article.
Cyber Attack Types:
Malware is an unauthorized or dangerous software that has been implemented with malicious intent to cause mayhem, steal data, output destruction and more. A popular term for Adware, Spyware, Trojan, Worm, Web-Trojan, and Virus is malware. Depending on the production, malware can be sly and trigger anonymous system behaviours. Using Anti-Virus software can be successful in identifying and removing such risks to malware. But even few can stay past the scans on the AV.
Spyware is software used to hack on consumer computers, extracting personal data from them. It’s more like your user cookies are infinite, where it records everything you do on your computer. Some spyware can even use webcams and microphone jacks to secretly spy over users. And that is why they were even tapped away by Mark Zuckerberg.
If the same bug is reported automatically until it is identified and the organization has not yet released the update for this vulnerability then it is called Zero-day vulnerability and deemed to be very risky for businesses as there is no workaround and IT security professionals need to find an alternative way of a temporary solution until the patch is written.
When the same vulnerability is documented immediately until found and the company has not yet issued the fix for this vulnerability then it is named Zero-day vulnerability and deemed to be very dangerous for companies as there is no remedy and IT security professionals need to find an alternative means of a temporary solution until the patch is published.
Ransomware is a form of malware that encrypts the system files and folders and demand ransom for decryption of the very same. WannaCry, NotPetya, Ryuk, and SamSam are famous instances.
Trojans are yet another kind of malware which appears software genuine but is not. Cybercriminals utilize trojans to break directed devices using social engineering techniques, allowing targeted users to download their trojan once they’ve finished owning the overall hacking process using this trojan.
The virus is a worm that reaches a device and incorporates the code into the process so that the final software or application is effectively changed. This virus may allow hackers to further penetrate networks, depending on the modifications.
Any spoofing operation employed by cybercriminals to surreptitiously enter a system and destroy the network for potential data or information, steal or erase the same is called a Breach. It might be at the stage of a device or network.
Hacker staff practice transforming a trustworthy network computer such as a laptop, phone, mobile device or IoT system into a compromised malware enabling hardware using its usual methods of network invasion such as DDoS etc. This system is called a Botnet and will facilitate attackers for further network breaches.
Distributed Denial of Service(DDOS) is a technique of inundating multi-system throughput into one directed system. Sending more traffic over a particular channel to endanger the operations in place. Botnets can be super potent here.
It is one of the common methods of cyberattack and as it is rather subtle, allowing users to become victims of it. Phishing is the method of fooling end-users, concealing as legitimate websites or documents, with attachments enticing the user to make contact and communicate with fake info show. For most cybercriminals, phishing is the main weapon.
Trying to send unidentified emails from questionable sources, with memorable subject lines or advertising products in no relationship to the end-user is considered spamming and is typically identified by the email services as spam.
Keylogger’s aim is to monitor any stroke a user makes in a keyboard, to break into the systems afterwards by recording the credentials. Normally this is used for breaking into underground vaults and wallets. They could be restrained by using the right identity authenticate management procedures.
14. Brute Force Attack
Brute force attack is a type of experimentation that some computer systems use to classify passwords as well as other confidential data, such as OTP’s and encryption codes.
There really is no significant scientific technique behind this, as this pure century of the distinct possibility of figures or alphabets for finally getting the right one and then gaining access to the account or network.
When ransomware is transferred by standard authentication protocols, certain remote control mechanisms are used, such as using a command and control system to execute the assigned task as a backdoor. If you don’t have the correct controls to identify them at an early stage, this form of malware could be dangerous.
Honeypot is a technology of deception that businesses should equip to detect any malicious traffic coming into their network. Honeypot will be part of your network architecture but will function as a hacker decoy, showing up as the official host. Once the attackers start to hit this honeypot, security experts will be able to examine and determine the cause of the attacks and nullify the same without compromising the network.
Spoofing is the practice of faking the root of malicious activity for intervention. Hackers using spoofing to mask and untraced their identities, this could go multi-level, making it hard for white hat hackers to track directly to the source of the attack.
A worm is a kind of malware that continues trying to replicate itself to propagate from its original source into new uninfected computers and holds the loop. Worms use the unseen automated services within an os to propagate all around the connected devices. Depending on the operating system and its purpose, these worms vary.
Adware is a form of malware that displays unidentified advertising in your browser and thus makes a profit for the creator or its customers. This adware will creep via chrome extensions into your network or access anonymous executables.
Rootkits are initiatives that enable cybercriminals to connect directly to user devices remotely to secretly release malicious programs such as keyloggers, ransomware, worms, and trojans into the system, and eventually spread over the targeted network. There are various types of rootkits, such as kernel mode, user mode, bios, and rootkits.
Not all of the contacts we create over the network are safe, which is why best practices in cryptography recommend that we use https formats to browse the web. There are possibilities for an attacker to disrupt your conversation when you connect with another individual via mail or chat device and eavesdrop your contact or mask it as the recipient. This kind of assault is known as man-in-the-middle strike. This is usually due to unhygienic surfing activities.
22. Cyber espionage
Cyber espionage is a series of encryption methods that a hacker uses to get into a network and get away with or cause havoc with very sensitive data. Depending on the aim and purpose behind the assassination, the motives will vary. It is usually targeted at corporations and government agencies. Hackers use sophisticated and continuous experimentation to hack into the network and access the data.
Remote Access Trojans (RAT) is another malware application that comes with a loophole to gain administrative authority over the targeted device. These are normally implemented using a phishing technique, then the intruder may use RAT to further manipulate the systems and the network by using an email attachment.
24. Social Engineering
Social engineering is a direction to violate mechanisms using normal conversations or traditional forms to manipulate the aimed users. Some very popular kinds of attacks in social engineering include tailgating, phishing, pretexting, baiting and quid pro quo. In general, social engineering is the first step in obtaining access to a network or program.
Manipulate the directed users through voice mails, cold phone calls, or cell phones to reveal banking information, personal details, credit/debit card details, and much more. This can be computerized or manual, but it is almost identical to phishing, where the entity involved in using a voice process to get this done.
26. Evil Twin
A scammer generates a fake WAP Wi-Fi infrastructure comparable to a valid service once the consumers link up to this network, a hacker can easily gain access to personal information there and then finally heighten his hacking techniques to violate their systems. This is very prevalent in a public place such as cafes, shopping centres and movie theatres. The use of VPN and login credentials-protected Wi-Fi networks will dissuade people from being victims of attacks of this kind.
Malvertising is the method of displaying ads over the internet to the intended consumer and, once the user interacts with the advertising, malware would immediately be mounted on that computer, thereby supplying hackers with power to perform more hacks. Malvertising is also often a Government-sponsored orchestrated cybercrime.
28. Insider threats
Not all employees are happy with your companies, disgruntled employees will definitely cause company mayhem in one manner or another.
Such attacks may arrive at a different level from your staff, depending on their control over company knowledge. This is where log monitoring and SIEM tools should be used by businesses to track user behaviour and evaluate the same round the clock in order to remain protected from internal attacks.
29. man-in-the-browser attacks
This attack is quite close to MITD, but it’s restricted to browser-based knockdowns, unlike the former where the threat could be common. Using obsolete browser plugins, hackers will break into your account, and keep tabs into your authorized and private surfing activities, expose confidential data and much more.
30. Watering hole attacks
This particular attack is directed at a group of enthusiasts, by infesting the website accessed by those users. The aim is to attract the consumers, making them the target, thus gaining access to their computers and eventually the business network where they are employed. The name is inspired by a real-world in which the predators lurk close to the watering holes to take the preys down.
All 30 cyber-attacks listed herein had their own point of inception and execution method. The IT security experts have a complex task to do with so many intrusion methods, holding their infrastructure and company secure from unauthorized breaches. CIO and CISO need to strategize their safety practices by training their sysadmins and technicians to install devices such as SIEM, ATP, UEM, IAM, and PAM to prevent being perpetrators of unidentified and unidentified cyber-attacks.
Using these techniques after a constructive discussion and assessment, recognizing their industry mandates and loopholes in security could help CIOs channel their process of evaluating their overall software simple and perfect. Organizations can use research analyst companies such as Gartner, IDC, Forrester and more to analyze their pros and cons in the business before reaching an ultimate decision.